Chest Wall Tumors: A Spectrum of Different Pathologies and Outcomes of Reconstruction Techniques
Background: Chest wall resection and further reconstruction for tumors represent a challenging concept for surgeons. Thanks to the evolving reconstruction techniques, good results were obtained after extensive resection and reconstruction.
Patients and methods: This prospective cohort study was conducted at our University Hospitals throughout 5 years. A total of 43 eligible cases with chest wall tumors were included. All cases were subjected to a multidisciplinary team approach, complete history taking, physical examination, radiological evaluation, and biopsy. The details of surgical techniques, complications, and follow up parameters were included.
Results: The mean age of the included cases was 29.45 years. We included a total of 24 males (55.8%). Fibromatosis was the commonest encountered pathology (27.9%), followed by chondrosarcoma (25.5%), and osteosarcoma (21%). Regarding the method of reconstruction, polypropylene mesh was used in 46.5% of cases, followed by direct closure (30.2%). Ten cases were managed by Methyl Methacrylate within the proline mesh (23.3%), while superimposed muscle flap was performed in only 2 cases (4.6%). Post-operatively, bleeding was encountered in 5 cases collectively (11.6%), while wound infection occurred in 11.6% of cases. Pulmonary complications included pneumonia (2.3%) and atelectasis (11.6%). Furthermore, chest wall instability was present in (11.6%) of cases. On follow up, recurrence was diagnosed in (9.3%) of cases (n = 4).
Conclusion: Surgical intervention is very effective if tailored to every patient as per team paln. A multidisciplinary team approach is extremely important especially if an extensive demolition is required. Indeed, radical wide en-bloc resection can achieve satisfactory results provided that the extent of resection is not influenced by any anticipated reconstruction problems.